Welcome To Ecuador

Ecuador is more than Galapagos

The unusual variety of ecosystems packed in this small stretch of land accounts for an astounding biodiversity –the largest in the world proportional to country size. Riding along what once was considered “the most difficult railway in the world” and now is acknowledged as “The Leading Luxury Train in South America” join us in the journey of a lifetime, following in the footsteps of the greatest travelers, scientists and explorers of the past.


Ecuador boasts a true treasure trove of diversity.


Here it is possible to find more than 17000 types of vascular plants, 10% of the world’s total, and 60% of orchids found in South America, 40% of which are endemic to Ecuador.


And even the smallest orchid in the world, barely 2.1 millimeters in size.


Ecuador is home to some 1600 species of birds –including some 130 types of hummingbirds that can be found from sea level to the Andean heights.


Adding the 38 endemic birds found in the Galapagos, Ecuador accounts for more than half the bird species in South America.


To date, 350 species of reptiles and 400 types of amphibians, including 10% of all types of frogs in the world can be found in Ecuador.

Certain areas in the amazon rainforest in Ecuador host up to 70.000 types of insects, including 30% of all types of butterflies in the world.


Also in Ecuador live 324 types of mammals, the largest diversity per square
meter, including jaguars, mountain lion, ocelot, tapir, spectacled bear, peccary,
fresh water dolphin, manatee, armadillo and sixteen different
species of New World monkey.

General Information about Ecuador

The variety of ecosystems in Ecuador allows for an amazing biodiversity, the largest in the world proportional to country size. Cloud forests and tropical plantations, colonial architecture, indigenous markets, vibrant cities, endless beaches, mountain landscapes compete for the visitor’s attention.

General Facts

Location: Southamerica, crossed by the equator
Extension: 283.561 km2
Population: 15,6 millions
Official Lenguaje: Spanish and Kichwa
Time Zone: -5 GMT Mainland; -6 GMT Galapagos
Currency: US Dollar
Geography: 4 natural regions – Galapagos, Pacific Coast, Andes y Amazon Jungle – divided into 24 provinces


The largest amount of biodiversity per square metre
11 National Parks and 20% of the country surface protected


Cultural diversity: 13 indigenous nationalities with their own traditional expressions and languages
Quito and Cuenca UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Ecuador Highlights by Tren Ecuador

Andes of Ecuador


In the Andes you can visit the UNESCO World Heritage cities of Cuenca and Quito; The Avenue of Volcanoes, indigenous towns with markets full of colors; the infamous Nariz del Diablo pass, separating the Andean heights from the tropical plantations and the coast…


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The Pacific Coast


With more than 1600km of beaches, the coast of Ecuador offers a changing landscape of dry forest, palm trees and high cliffs hiding secret coves and secluded beaches surrounded by lush vegetation, the perfect destination for those in search of outdoors adventures all year round, especially surfers.


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